An ovarian cyst is a fluid-filled sac or cyst developed on one of the ovaries. Most women get at least one pus-filled cyst during their life. Some cysts do not pain, neither do they show any symptom. It is pretty common for a woman to be suffering from ovarian cyst without even realizing.
The ovary is one of the important parts of the female reproductive mechanism. There are two ovaries in the women’s body. Located on both sides of the uterus, ovaries are responsible for producing eggs and hormones such as estrogen and progesterone.
Risks of Ovarian Cysts:
However, sometimes they may cause pain specifically in lower abdominal and lower back. In certain conditions, the cyst may uncap and cause severe pain, followed by excessive vomiting and uneasiness.
When the cyst turns malignant, it becomes cancerous. If unaddressed, the cyst can develop into ovarian cancer, which may have life-threatening consequences on the patient. Though, it is a rarity.
Symptoms of Ovarian Cysts
- Swelling – in abdominal regions, especially in lower parts
- Pain – in lower abdominal parts
- Pressure – or tightness in the abdomen
- Feeling of fullness – feels like you have eaten just now, however, you have not
- Trouble eating – lack of interest in food
- Urination – frequent, urgent and painful
- Disturbance – in the menstrual cycle
- Intercourse – painful, no orgasm
Treatment of Ovarian Cyst
If you have met any or some of the aforementioned symptoms, it is advisable to see your doctor without any delay. Your doctor(s) will recommend diagnosis prior to providing any treatment. Diagnosis is an important step that helps figure the exact problem and health condition of the patient.
To assess the condition and other associated factors, doctors may advise following diagnostic test
- Blood Test: The doctor may recommend the CA 125 Blood Test if ovarian cancer is suspected.
- Pelvic Ultrasound: The imaging technology sends and receives high-frequency sound waves to see an image of your uterus on the monitor of the ultrasound device. This diagnosis allows the doctors to determine the need of an operation and the approach of treatment.
- Laparoscopy: Inserting a device called laparoscope through a small cut into your body, the doctor sees the condition of your ovaries and operate the cyst. This is an invasive procedure, meaning, it will involve an anesthetic surgeon as well.
In many cases, ovarian cysts disappear in a few months. The doctor will call you for multiple settings and suggest re-examination to assess the condition. They may also prescribe some medication. And surgery is the ultimate solution to get rid of ovarian cyst. In some worsened conditions, there might be a need to remove the infected ovary.