Paras Hospitals, Gurgaon has a team of ENT Specialists that specialize in treating hearing loss, hearing impairment in adults and children. Over the years the hospital has performed numerous surgeries and medical management cases to restore the hearing of numerous children and aged adults. The team of super specialist of national and international repute are well trained and experienced to perform cochlear implants, Ventilation (or PE) Tube Placement, Tympanoplasty, Middle-Ear Surgery, Stapedotomy and Mastoidectomy, to list a few. Paras Institute of ENT is also supported by a well-developed hearing and speech lab that specializes in hearing assessment, speech therapy, assessment evaluation and treatment of voice speech and language disorders.
What is Hearing Loss?
Hearing Loss can be defined as a medical ailment in which a person is not able to hear as well as someone with normal hearing. The normal hearing thresholds is of 25 dB and people suffering from hearing loss can hear little or not hear at all from one or both ears. Hearing loss may be mild, moderate, severe, or profound. It can affect one ear or both ears, and leads to difficulty in hearing conversational speech or loud sounds. ‘Hard of hearing’ refers to people with hearing loss ranging from mild to severe. People who are hard of hearing usually communicate through spoken language and can benefit from hearing aids, cochlear implants, and other assistive devices as well as captioning. People with more significant hearing losses may benefit from cochlear implants.
‘Deaf’ people mostly have profound hearing loss, which implies very little or no hearing. They often use sign language for communication.
What are the causes of Hearing Loss or Deafness?
Congenital causes: Congenital causes may lead to hearing loss being present at or acquired soon after birth. Hearing loss can be caused by hereditary and non-hereditary genetic factors or by certain complications during pregnancy and childbirth, including:
- Maternal rubella, syphilis or certain other infections during pregnancy;
- Low birth weight;
- Birth asphyxia (a lack of oxygen at the time of birth);
- Inappropriate use of particular drugs during pregnancy, such as aminoglycosides, cytotoxic drugs, antimalarial drugs, and diuretics;
- Severe jaundice in the neonatal period, which can damage the hearing nerve in a newborn infant.
Acquired causes: Acquired causes may lead to hearing loss at any age, such as:
- Infectious diseases including meningitis, measles and mumps;
- Chronic ear infections;
- Collection of fluid in the ear (otitis media);
- Use of certain medicines, such as those used in the treatment of neonatal infections, malaria, drug-resistant tuberculosis, and cancers;
- injury to the head or ear;
- Excessive noise, including occupational noise such as that from machinery and explosions;
- Recreational exposure to loud sounds such as that from use of personal audio devices at high volumes and for prolonged periods of time and regular attendance at concerts, nightclubs, bars and sporting events;
- Ageing, in particular, due to degeneration of sensory cells; and
- Wax or foreign bodies blocking the ear canal.
- Among children, chronic otitis media is a common cause of hearing loss.
What is a cochlear implant?
A cochlear implant is an electronic medical device that replaces the function of the damaged inner ear. A cochlear implant operates using two main components: an external part that hooks over the ear and a surgically implanted internal part. The two components are coupled using a powerful magnet.
What are the benefits of a cochlear implant?
- Better Hearing
- Can focus better when in noisy environments.
- Can use Phone- Talk and Hear Both
- Enjoy music.
Why it’s done
It improves communication and quality of life for people with severe hearing loss. Adults and children who lost hearing after learning to speak can also benefit from cochlear implants. It improves:
- Ability to hear speech without needing visual cues such as reading lips
- Recognition of normal, everyday environmental sounds
- Ability to listen in a noisy environment
- Ability to find where sounds are coming from
- Ability to hear television programs and telephone conversations
To Book an Appointment with the specialist Call: +91-11-30012745