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About Cervical Cancer

Cervical cancer occurs when abnormal cells on the cervix grow out of control. The cervix is the lower part of the uterus that opens into the vagina. Cervical cancer is one of the most common cancers in women worldwide, and can be treated effectively when detected early. It is usually found at a very early stage through a Pap test.

Causes of Cervical Cancer

Most cervical cancer is caused by the Human Papillomavirus Virus, or HPV. You can get HPV by through sexual contact with a person who already has it. Now although there are multiple types of the HPV virus, not all of them cause cervical cancer. Other risk factors such as smoking can act to increase the risk of cervical cancer among women with HPV even more.

Early Symptoms of Cervical Cancer Early Symptoms of Cervical Cancer

Know early Symptoms of Cervical Cancer

  • Untimely bleeding that occurs between regular menstrual periods
  • Bleeding after sexual intercourse or a pelvic exam
  • Longer and heavier menstrual periods
  • Bleeding post menopause

Women may also notice some of the following signs:

  • Increased vaginal discharge
  • Pelvic pain
  • Pain during sex

Cervical cancer, infections, or other health problems may be the cause behind these symptoms. A woman with any of these symptoms should tell her doctor so that the problem may be diagnosed and treated as early as possible.

Treatment for Cervical Cancer Treatment for Cervical Cancer

How to prevent Cervical Cancer?

There are a few things that women should do in order to reduce the chance of developing cervical cancer.

  • regular cervical cancer screening tests (Pap tests)
  • Get the HPV Vaccine before becoming sexually active (between the ages of 9 and 26). Though this vaccine helps reduce the chances of developing cancer, regular screening tests should still be conducted
  • Reduce your risk of a sexually transmitted infection (STI)
    1. Discuss about STIs with your partner
    2. Be responsible.
    3. For your good health, your sex partners should be as less as possible. 
    4. Use male or female condoms to reduce the risk of getting an STI.
  • Nutrition: Vitamin A is associated with a lower risk as are vitamin B12, vitamin C, vitamin E, and beta-carotene