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What is Hematology

Hemato is ‘blood’ and oncology is ‘cancer’. Hematology is a blood disease that includes various blood disorders such as anaemia, blood cancers, production disorders, bleeding and clotting problems. The most common disease out of all is leukemia, which is a condition wherein the number of white blood cells overwhelmingly offsets the levels of red blood cells inside the blood. It is even considered as an autoimmune defense failure in which the lymphocytes mistake the red blood cells as foreign bodies and go on to destroy them.

Hematologists and oncologists closely diagnose together to identify the disorder, know the cause of disorder and accordingly start with the treatment. Different aspects of blood cancer and hematology disorder treatment include:

  • Advice to alter diet
  • Tablets or liquid medicines
  • Anticoagulation therapy
  • Intramuscular injections (for example, Vitamin B12 injections)
  • Blood transfusion for anemia
  • For iron overload or polycythemia, therapeutic phlebotomy, also known as Venesection, is advised
  • Bone marrow transplant (for conditions like leukemia)
  • All kinds of anti-cancer chemotherapy
  • Radiotherapy (for example, for cancer)

 

Symptoms of Hematology Disorder / Blood Cancer

Symptoms of Hematological disorder can be many, some of which are:

  • Irregular bleeding or infection
  • Signs of fatigue
  • Running out of breath
  • Bone pain
  • Enlargement of lymph glands
  • Weight loss
  • Night sweats
  • Feeling unwell or run down

 

These are non-specific symptoms which may occur in a number of illnesses and are not necessarily associated with blood ailments, so consult a doctor in case of any such symptoms to know the real health disorder.

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