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About Lymphoma Cancer

Lymphoma is a type of cancer that begins in the cells of the lymphatic system. A part of the immune system, the lymphatic system is the body's disease-fighting network. Because lymph tissues are present in all parts of the body, lymphoma can start almost anywhere. Lymphoma can also affect other organs inside the body. There are mainly two types of lymphoma:

Causes of Lymphoma Cancer

In most cases, the causes of lymphoma are unknown to the scientist. However, following are some of the risk factors that can cause lymphoma -

  • Age 60 years or above
  • Male are more prone to lymphoma
  • Weak immune system from HIV/AIDS , organ transplant,
  • Born with an immune disease
  • Developed an immune system disease such as rheumatoid arthritis, Sjögren's syndrome, lupus, or celiac disease
  • Infected with virus such as Epstein-Barr, human herpes virus; 8 (HHV8), hepatitis C, or human T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (HTLV-1)
  • Relative with lymphoma
  • Exposure to benzene or chemicals used for killing bugs and weeds
  • Previously treated for Hodgkin or non-Hodgkin lymphoma
  • Previously treated for cancer with radiation
  • Overweight

Symptoms

Signs and symptoms to look for in case of lymphoma include:

  • Swollen glands (lymph nodes), often in the neck, armpit, or groin
  • Shortness of breath
  • Cough
  • Fever
  • Stomach pain
  • Night sweats
  • Fatigue
  • Itching
  • Weight Loss

How to prevent?

There is no such definitive way of preventing lymphoma, but the risk can be lowered by taking precautions to avoid becoming infected with HIV.