PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome) is the most common endocrine disorder among women of reproductive age. PCOS affects the ovaries (organs responsible for the production of hormones like estrogen and progesterone). Today PCOS affects every 3 in 10 women. It is due to the unhealthy lifestyle and hormonal imbalance. Leading an active lifestyle rich in physical activity and following a good medical regime is the best way to manage PCOS.
Let’s know about PCOS:
PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome) is the most common endocrine disorder among women of reproductive age. PCOS affects the ovaries (organs responsible for the production of hormones like estrogen and progesterone).
The ovaries release eggs every month. This release of an egg each month is called ovulation. Polycystic ovaries are actually the follicles in the ovaries which do not develop and ripen because of hormonal imbalance. Due to the hormonal imbalance, the egg inside the ovary does not mature fully and the follicle holding the egg still grows and gets filled with fluid. And as there is no mature egg the follicle fails to rupture, remains as a cyst and ovulation do not occur.
Women who don’t ovulate regularly don’t release as many eggs to be fertilized.
Signs and Symptoms associated with PCOS:
Irregular menstrual cycles – The most common symptoms are multiple abnormal ovarian cysts, irregular menstruation, an excess of androgens (male hormones), and obesity.
Skin issues – There can be associated acne on the face and excess facial and body hair. PCOS is one of the common causes of infertility in women as the ovulation may be disrupted making it hard to become pregnant.
Miscarriages – Many hormones become imbalanced which can lead to miscarriages even after conception. In fact, the miscarriage rate among women with PCOS varies from 40-50%. Even women with PCOS who are pregnant are at greater risk for miscarriage, high blood pressure, and gestational diabetes.
Stress – Apart from this, anything that stresses the body physically or mentally can lead to hormonal imbalance. The stress hormone cortisol rises and stays high along with the rise in insulin levels causing insulin resistance. But not all women with PCOS are unable to conceive.
Fertility Treatment Options for PCOS:
Fertility treatment options include medicines which help in ovulation and lowering insulin levels. Other options like IVF can also help women in conceiving.
Lastly, by maintaining a healthy lifestyle, exercise, healthy eating habits can help in naturally bringing out ovulation and improve fertility rates by regulating your cycle and lowering androgen levels.