When you are pregnant, early and regular prenatal care is important to keep yourself and your developing infant healthy. During your prenatal visits, your doctor will suggest you few things that you will have to keep in mind entire pregnancy. Following are the instructions are given by your healthcare provider:
FOLLOW A HEALTHY DIET:
When you are pregnant you should have a variety of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and low-fat dairy products to help ensure the developing fetus gets all the nutrients it needs.
Make sure you also drink plenty of water. Avoid certain foods such as raw fish, undercooked meat, deli meat, and unpasteurized cheeses.
Some pregnant women are concerned about the amount of fish they can safely consume. Certain fish contain methylmercury, when certain bacteria cause a chemical change in metallic mercury. Methylmercury is found in foods that fish eat, and it remains in the fish’s body after it is eaten. Methylmercury in fish eaten by pregnant women can harm a fetus’s developing nervous system.
TAKE FOLIC ACID:
Begin or continue to get at least 400 micrograms of folic acid by taking vitamin supplements every day to reduce your child’s risk of Neural Tube Defect.
STOP USING ALCOHOL, TOBACCO AND DRUGS:
Drinking alcohol, smoking, and taking drugs during pregnancy can increase your child’s risk for problems such as fetal alcohol spectrum disorders, SIDS( sudden infant death syndrome) and other disorders.
FASDs are a variety of effects on the fetus that result from the mother drinking alcohol during pregnancy. The effects range from mild to severe, and they include intellectual and developmental disabilities; behavior problems; abnormal facial features; and disorders of the heart, kidneys, bones, and hearing.
MAINTAIN YOUR WEIGHT:
Gaining too much or too little weight during pregnancy increases the risk of problems for both the mother and the infant.
Taking a healthy diet and getting regular physical activity can help you stay within the recommended weight gain suggested by your healthcare provider.
The amount of weight you should gain during pregnancy depends on your pre-pregnancy weight and body mass index (BMI).
TOXIC SUBSTANCES TO BE AVOIDED:
During pregnancy, exposure to radiation, pesticides, some metals, and certain chemicals can cause birth defects, premature birth, and miscarriage.