Umbilical cord blood stem cells are used in the treatment of over 80 medical conditions. Among these are leukemia, aplastic anemia, thalassemia, Hodgkin’s disease, and non- Hodgkin’s lymphoma. There are many more therapies under clinical trials that are changing the landscape of future medicines. Cord blood stem cells are being researched upon for the treatment of conditions such as Autism, traumatic brain injury, congenital heart defects, hearing loss and cerebral palsy. Over 30 clinical trials around the world are researching the capability of the cord tissue stem cells in treating, Stroke, Spinal cord injury, Liver disease, Diabetes and Cartilage injury.