Follow-up is needed for most babies, with varied aims. Babies with an uneventful hospital stay have to be watched for jaundice 24-48 hours after discharge, if discharged within first 3 days of delivery.
Babies who have been sick due to any reason, will be followed up for assessment of their brain functions, hearing and visual assessment. Biggest risk factors among them are probably gestational age and birth weight. Such conditions include, but are not limited to prematurity, low birth weight, Asphyxia, shock, need for ventilation, infections, jaundice, heart diseases and congenital malformations.