Arthroscopy is a procedure that is employed to diagnose and treat joint problems. Under this procedure, a narrow tube attached to a fiber-optic video camera is inserted through a small incision.The view from the camera of the inside of the patient’s joint is transmitted to a high-definition monitor. This procedure makes it possible for the surgeons to see inside a patient’s joint without having to resort to a large incision. Some types of damages can also be repaired with Arthroscopy, with the use of pencil thin surgical instruments that can be inserted through other small incisions.
Why is it done?
Arthroscopy is used to help in the diagnosis and treatment of a number of joint conditions. The most common areas where Arthroscopy is used include:
Often arthroscopy is used as an additional procedure, when other imaging tests and studies like X-rays have left some diagnostic questions unanswered.
The conditions that can be treated through surgery using Arthroscopy include:
- Torn or otherwise damaged cartilages
- Loose bone fragments
- Joint infections
- Inflamed joint linings
- Scarring within the joints
- Torn ligaments
The complications that may occur in an arthroscopy are rather uncommon, but may include:
- Tissue damage, the movement and the placement of the procedural instruments in the joint can possible damage the structure.
- Infection, as is possible with any type of surgery, arthroscopy also may cause some infection.
- Blood clots, through rare, any procedure that lasts for more than an hour carries the risk of blood clots forming in the lungs or the legs.