Carotid Angioplasty and Stenting
When endarterectomy seems like a risky procedure, Carotid angioplasty and stenting is the procedure that is brought into use for the treatment of carotid atherosclerosis. Carotid angioplasty and stenting proves helpful in the treatment of stenosis in the common carotid artery or internal carotid artery thus reducing the risk of strokes. The carotid arteries carry blood to the brain and lie on each side of the head and neck.
The procedure includes the insertion of a balloon catheter or a stent in the narrowed artery which open the artery thus diminishing the narrowness. Carotid angioplasty and stenting are for the high risk patients.
When is it done?
This procedure may be undertaken in the following cases:
- When carotid endarterectomy has already been done but could be of much help or would prove risky if done.
- When a patient has had strokes or is at a high risk of strokes
- When the clogged artery is inaccessible through other means.
The risks involved with Carotid angioplasty and stenting are the following:
- New narrowness of the artery
- Mini stroke
Carotid angioplasty and stenting is safer than endarterectomy as the latter come with risks of heart attacks. Carotid angioplasty and stenting can be preceded by an ultrasound test, magnetic resonance angiography, computerized tomography angiography and/or carotid angiography which are done for the examination purpose. The incision or puncture done for inserting the catheter might get swollen. Vigorous activities along with lifting heavy things are to be avoided by the patient as per doctor’s recommendations.
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