The mark that gets left on the body after the healing of a wound is generally known as a scar. In case of wounds, a scar is formed over the wound to protect it from germs, which gradually dries and falls off leaving behind a scar. However there can be various reasons behind the formation of a scar because of which there are various types of scars. A scar can result from a surgery, burn, injury or any other physical trauma.
Types of scar
The scars formed on the body can be of the following types – acne scars, keloid scars, contracture scars, hypertrophic scars, stretch marks.
The appearance of a scar depends on factors like its size, cause, healing time, location, age, genetic predispositions etc.
While some scars can be small and do not cause much of an issue, there can be others that might be bigger in size and unpleasant, in which case people can opt for scar treatments. The treatments can be temporary or permanent and are as follows
It is an invasive surgical procedure in which the upper layers of the skin gets removed using devices like a wire brush.
This procedure involves the application of a chemical to the skin surface that brings about exfoliation or peeling off of the skin. The chemical peels can be superficial, medium or deep depending on the need of the patient.
Laser treatments for scar removal can be both non-ablative and ablative. Where the non-ablative procedures result in skin smoothening through contact cooling and may require multiple sessions to produce better results, the ablative procedures cause skin exfoliation and tend to be riskier than the prior.
Other than the above mentioned some other scar removal treatments include creams, gels and ointments for light or small scars, steroid injections, scar revisions, filler injections and so on.
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