Asthma is a disease affecting the airways or tubes that that causes occasional breathing difficulties.
In asthmatic patients, these airways become narrow due to inflammation on the inside walls. This causes difficulty in breathing and also increases a person’s susceptibility to allergies. Pollutants like sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxide, change in temperatures, and high humidity are all known to trigger asthma in different individuals.
- Recurring episodes of cough
- Chest tightness
- Breathlessness and wheezing
- Symptoms of asthma occur at night or in early morning, vary over time and in intensity
- Asthma is usually treated by using an inhaler, a small device that lets you breathe in medicines.
Triggers Causing Asthma or Attacks
Triggers of asthmatic attack can be due to a number of reasons. Following are few common reasons:
- Viral infections
- Allergen exposure
- Changes with weather
- Irritant such as smoke or strong smells
- Car exhaust fumes
- Increased air level of respirable particles like so2, no2, and ozone
- Exposure to aspirin , nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or dyes.
- Occupational asthma is triggered by different substances in the workplace and may occur weeks to years after initial exposure and sensitization.
When should you opt for Emergency Care:
Severe asthma attacks can be life-threatening. Work with your doctor to determine what to do when your signs and symptoms worsen – and when you need emergency treatment. Signs of an asthma emergency include:
- Rapid worsening of shortness of breath or wheezing
- No improvement even after using a quick-relief inhaler, such as albuterol
- Shortness of breath when you are doing minimal physical activity