There are Five types of pediatric or child cancer:-
Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL)
The most common child cancer, Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia is responsible for about 34 % of all cancers amongst children. ALL typically occurs between the age groups of 2 and 4, and is more common amongst male as compared to females. Leukemia begins in the bone marrow & spreads into the blood, and can spread to the organs.
Symptoms of ALL:
Brain tumors & other nervous system tumors account for about 27 % of child cancers. There are various types of brain tumors & the treatment and outlook for all is different. Most of the brain tumors in kids develop in the lower area of the brain, like the cerebellum or brain stem.
Neuroblastoma begins from immature nerve cells amongst infants & young children. It is primarily identified in children younger than 5 years.
Wilms Tumors begin in the kidneys & are the most common kind of child kidney cancer. Wilms tumors typically form in 1 kidney, however, sometimes they also form in both kidneys- only in smaller cases – and is responsible for approximately 5 % of all child cancers.
Lymphoma starts in certain cells of the immune system called lymphocytes. These cancers affect lymph nodes and other lymph tissues, like the tonsils or thymus. There are two main type of lymphoma: