If your doctor suspects that you are suffering from advanced prostate cancer, then he can recommend several types of tests and screening exams in addition to a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test. Stage 4 is the most advanced stage – means cancer has spread to organs and areas beyond your prostate, such as your bladder, rectum, bones, or lymph nodes.
Prostate Cancer signs related to urination include:
- Burning or pain during urination.
- Difficulty in urinating, or trouble starting and stopping while urinating.
- More frequent urges to urinate at night.
- Loss of bladder control.
- Decreased flow or velocity of the urine stream.
- Blood in urine (hematuria)
Screening for prostate cancer in the initial stages is done with a blood test known as a prostate specific antigen (PSA) test. This test measures the level of PSA in the blood. PSA is a substance made by the prostate. The levels of PSA in the blood can be higher in men who have prostate cancer.
Test of Prostate Cancer:
DRE or PSA test detects an abnormality; your doctor may suggest further tests to determine whether you have prostate cancer, such as:
- Ultrasound. If other tests raise concerns, your doctor may use transrectal ultrasound to further evaluate your prostate.
- Collecting a sample of prostate tissue.
- MRI fusion.
Diagnosis & Tests for Prostate Cancer:
Several tests are used to diagnose prostate cancer. Detecting the Cancer Two initial tests are commonly used to look for prostate cancer a digital rectal exam and the blood test used to detect prostate-specific antigen (PSA). But the diagnosis can only be confirmed by a biopsy.
- Digital Rectal Exam Doctors use the digital rectal exam (DRE) as a relatively simple test to check the prostate.
- Prostate-Specific Antigen Blood Test PSA is a substance produced by the prostate gland..
- Prostate Ultrasound and Biopsy Prostate ultrasound involves a small probe that is inserted a short distance into the rectum.
- Cystoscopy or Bladder Scope Test Cystoscopy also called a cystourethroscopy or bladder scope is a test to measure the health of the urethra and bladder.
- CAT Scans uses X-rays and computers to produce an image of a cross-section of the body.
- An MRI is a test that produces very clear pictures of the human body without the use of X-rays