Effective treatment of drugs addictions: Drug addiction is a complex but treatable brain disease. It is characterized by compulsive drug craving, seeking, and use that persist even in the face of severe adverse consequences.For many people, drug addiction becomes chronic, with relapses possible even after long periods of abstinence.As a chronic, recurring illness, addiction may require repeated treatments to increase the intervals between relapses and diminish their intensity, until abstinence is achieved, recovered and lead productive lives.
The ultimate goal of drug addiction treatment is to enable an individual to achieve lasting abstinence, but the immediate goals are to reduce drug abuse, improve the patient’s ability to function and minimize the medical and social complications of drug abuse and addiction.
Untreated substance abuse and addiction and significant costs to families and communities, including those related to violence and property crimes, prison expenses, court and criminal costs, emergency room visits, healthcare utilization, child abuse and neglect, social ostracism, reduced productivity, and unemployment.
Based on various research, key principles have been identified that should form the basis of any effective treatment program for addiction: