Breast oncoplasty or oncoplastic breast reconstruction comprises of a new surgical approach that combines the principles of cancer surgery and plastic surgery, with the aim of optimizing cancer cure while maintaining the shape and symmetry of the breast.
Breast Oncoplasty has expanded the scope of breast conserving surgery (BCS), by reducing both mastectomy (complete breast removal) and re-surgeries rates, while avoiding breast deformities.
Use of oncoplastic techniques has radically changed and expanded the boundaries of breast conservation surgeries and is now the preferred method of breast conservation world-wide.
Breast oncoplasty can be classified into Volume displacement and Volume replacement techniques.
Some of these techniques are:
Various factors contribute to the decision regarding the type of oncoplastic procedure recommended for a patient like breast size and shape, breast ptosis (sagging of the breast), tumor-breast ratio, tumor biology, skin quality, smoking, age and weight of patient and other co-morbidities.