Computer-assisted or computer navigated brain surgery is used in to treat various brain ailments -brain tumors, epilepsy, to list a few. Neurosurgeons also use computer-assisted techniques to treat brain tumors, arteriovenous malformations, and other lesions with precisely focused beams of radiation using stereotactic radiosurgery.
How is Computer Assisted Brain Surgery different from Conventional Brain Surgery?
In computer-assisted brain surgery, such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), intraoperative MRI, computerized tomography (CT) and positron emission tomography (PET) scans, to create a 3-D model of your brain.
Computer-assisted surgery is a broad term used to focus an operation in which imaging scans and computer technology are used to make a three-dimensional (3-D) model of an organ. The neurosurgeons use the model as a guide to safely and precisely navigate and treat a tumor, vascular malformation or another lesion in the brain.
Computer-assisted surgery has allowed some tumors that were historically inoperable because of their location to become operable. Also, they can visualize the tumor in 3-D with this technology. Neurosurgeons can resect tumors more completely while minimizing the risk factor of affecting the healthy surrounding tissue, nerves and blood vessels.
Surgical treatments implemented through computer-assisted surgery: –
- Stereo EEG placement
- Deep brain stimulation
- AVM surgery
- Minimally invasive surgery
- Endoscopic neurosurgery
- Endovascular neurosurgery
Computer-assisted surgery can be associated with other neurosurgical techniques, like functional brain mapping. It is used as a part of diagnosis and as in the stereotactic biopsy of a brain tumor.