Deformity of spine is the abnormality of formation, shape or alignment of our vertebral column.
Alternate names are:
The human spine is made up of more than 25 small bones known as vertebrae which support our upper part of body. C-spine or cervical spine is the upper part and comprises of 7 vertebrae. It supports our head and neck. The T-spine or thoracic spine comprises of twelve vertebrae linked to our rib cage& support our torso. The L-spine or lumbar spine has 5 large vertebrae which support most of our body’s weight & mass. A sacrum is the base of our spine & in most individuals, it comprises of 2 to 4 partially fused bones that terminate in the coccyx which is usually called the tailbone, within the pelvis.
A normal human spine comprises of gentle curvatures, however, when the curves get exaggerated, extreme or even displaced, they are then considered as deformities. Su deformities are subtle & aren’t detected easily in growing children. Signs of deformity of spine include:-
Fatigue could be reported along with prolonged sitting or standing.
The diagnosis that are linked to deformities of spine include:-
Physical test by a doctor is compulsory for determining a spine deformity. The evaluations involve diagnostic test known as Adam’s forward bend test.
Scoliometer may be used for measuring the degree of curvature in our spine. But the result aren’t fully accurate. X-ray is done if deformity of spine is suspected. MRI can also be done when there is a need of further investigation.