Emergency ()

Dengue fever: Complications and Prevention

Dengue fever: Complications and Prevention
in Internal Medicine

Apr 19, 2022

Dengue is a disease which is spread by a mosquito known as Aedesaegypti .Once someone gets infected with 1 of the dengue viruses; they would develop immunity to the virus for rest of their life. However, we could still get infected with the other virus strains. It is quite possible to be infected by all 4 dengue viruses in our lifetime. The viruses which result in dengue fever are linked to the ones which result in yellow fever & West NiIe Virus Infection.


Complications: Dengue Fever

A minor percentage of people with dengue fever could develop a further serious disease called Dengue hemorrhagic fever.

The risk factors for developing dengue hemorrhagic fever comprise of-

  • Being under 12 years of age
  • Having antibodies to dengue virus from a previous infection
  • Weak immune system
  • Being female

Symptoms associated with Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever

  • High fever
  • Damage to the blood vessels
  • Damage to lymphatic system
  • Bleeding nose
  • Enlargement of liver
  • Gum bleeding
  • Failure of circulatory system

The symptoms of the dengue hemorrhagic fever could trigger the dengue shock syndrome. The dengue shock syndrome is severe in nature and could cause excessive bleeding & even demise.

Prevention of Dengue Fever

No vaccine exists for prevention of dengue. The best way to protect is safety from mosquito bites & reduction of mosquito population. While staying in high risk zone, we should:-

  • Avoid residential areas that are heavily populated
  • Make use of mosquito repellents indoors & outdoors
  • Use air-conditions instead of opening the windows
  • Wear long-sleeved shirts & pants and tuck them into the socks
  • Ensure that the doors and window screens are secure & holes (if any) are repaired
  • Use a mosquito nets if sleeping area is not screened

Reducing mosquito population includes keeping safe from mosquito breeding areas.

Such areas involve any place where water could collect like:

  • Pet dishes
  • Bird paths
  • Flower pots
  • Empty planters
  • Empty vessels
  • Cans

Such areas should be checked , emptied and cleaned regularly.

Recent Blogs
The Vital Importance of First Aid: Why It Matters
In our daily lives, accidents and emergencies can happen unexpectedly. Whether it's a minor scrape or a life-threatening situation, having the knowledge and tools to administer first aid can mean the difference between life and death.
Continue Reading
A Comprehensive Overview of Calcium Deficiency Symptoms: Recognizing the Signs and Seeking Solutions
Calcium is a crucial mineral essential for various physiological functions in the body. From maintaining bone health to facilitating muscle contractions and nerve signaling, calcium plays a vital role in overall well-being.
Continue Reading
Why Laughter may be the best pain medicine ?
Continue Reading
Malaria symptoms, diagnosis and treatment
Continue Reading
How Do Doctors Test for Malaria?
Continue Reading
Know About Malaria
Continue Reading
View all Blogs