Diabetes is a significant endocrine problem in patients of b-thalassemia major. The prevalence of diabetes mellitus ranges from 6.45% to 14.1%. Iron overload due to frequent need of blood transfusions leads to decreased insulin secretion with impairment of glucose tolerance in these patients. As life expectancy in patients with thalassemia rises, diabetic complications are more commonly seen. A significant number of patients also have other endocrinopathies (86% hypogonadism, 23% hypoparathyroidism, 18% hypothyroidism).
Recommendations For Patients With B-Thalassemia Major:
Consult specialists for your condition:
Awareness about thalassemia and its related issues is a concern. Patients need to understand that they are suffering from a rare and complicated blood disorder that needs multi specialty care & attention. Hence it is essential for them to get diagnosed early, get aware of their disease and opt for the preventive aspects to be healthy. It is also important to consult the best specialist. Their primary doctor should be a haematologist and the treatment has to be supported by a gastroenterologist, cardiologist and an endocrinologist. Self medication is not at all recommended and should be avoided at all times.