Diagnosis is a very important part to recover from malaria. Patients may have typical symptoms of malaria-like fever chills, sweating, but is in many cases malaria may present in unusual ways with fatigue, diarrhea, pain, headache, vomiting, low urine output. Early diagnosis and timely treatment are key for malaria treatment.
What does malaria diagnosis depend on?
Diagnosis of malaria depends on a number of factors like:
- The severity of the disease
- Whether it is the complicated and uncomplicated type
- Species of Plasmodium parasite infecting the patient
In general, it takes about two weeks of treatment and to completely recover from malaria.
The right drugs and treatment are essential in malaria:
For malaria detection and diagnosis, today doctors can take a sample of the blood and test the same through a rapid test. Within minutes they can come to know about the presence of the parasite in the blood. Depending on the severity of the malaria disease and the effect on the patient’s health the drugs are provided to the patient. Any delay in medication can complicate the signs and symptoms and malaria can progress to be even fatal.
What can cause malaria?
Malaria can occur if a mosquito infected with the Plasmodium parasite bites you. There are four kinds of malaria parasites that can infect humans: Plasmodium vivax, P. ovale, P. malariae, and P. falciparum. P. falciparum causes a more severe form of the disease and those who contract this form of malaria have a higher risk of death. An infected mother can also pass the disease to her baby at birth. This is known as congenital malaria. Malaria is transmitted by blood, so it can also be transmitted through:
- An organ transplant
- A transfusion
- Use of shared needles or syringes
Life-threatening complications of malaria
Malaria can cause a number of life-threatening complications. The following may occur:
- Swelling of the blood vessels of the brain, or cerebral malaria
- An accumulation of fluid in the lungs that causes breathing problems, or pulmonary edema
- Organ failure of the kidneys, liver, or spleen
- Anemia due to the destruction of red blood cells
- low blood sugar