A PSA test is used to detect the amount of Prostate Specific Antigen in the blood. This PSA level highlights if the patient (man) is suffering from prostate cancer or any other ailment. Prostate Cancer is one of the most common cancer that affects the men. The incidence of prostate cancer are increasing at an alarming rate and is mostly found in men above the age of 65yrs. There are no highlighting signs of prostate cancer and a routine PSA test can help ascertain the presence of prostate cancer.
Tests used for detecting Prostrate Cancer:
There are two tests used to find Prostrate Cancer. One is digital rectal examination and other is blood test – Serum PSA.PSA is a Protein made by cell inside Prostate .Higher Blood PSA level may be a warning sign of Prostate Cancer. There may be other reason for high PSA level for example – inflammation of Prostate, non cancerous enlargement of Prostate, Prostate infection etc. Low PSA level does not always mean that there is no Prostate Cancer.
Today, PSA test that shows higher level is the main reason why Prostate Cancer is detected in early and curable stage. This testing has helped urologist to find and treat many Prostrate Cancer that otherwise might not have been detected.
Below is a well detailed chart that highlights what you should do, if you are experiencing some urinary symptoms or if you have a family history of Prostate Cancer:
What is the normal level of PSA?
The amount of PSA in your blood is measured in nanograms of PSA per millilitre of blood (ng/ml). PSA levels can range from less than 1ng/ml to hundreds of ng/ml.
- If you’re aged 50 to 69, your PSA level is considered raised if it’s 3ng/ml or higher.
Do’s and Don’ts before a PSA Test:
If you are about to go through a PSA Test, the following are the aspects that you have to keep into consideration:
- You should have an active urination flow. Any burning sensation or feeling should be mentioned before to the doctor.
- You should not have a urinary infection. This can suggest raised levels. Hence it is best that you inform your doctor.
- You should not have ejaculated in the last 48 hrs
- You should not have had a prostrate biopsy in the last 48 hrs.
- You should not have exercised rigorously in the last 48 hrs.
Remember early detection and timely treatment is key in Prostrate Cancer. It is best that a regular test highlights your risk and present status.