Hyperthyroidism is a condition where there is an increased level of thyroxine hormone in our blood. This hormone is produced by a small butterfly shaped thyroid gland in our neck.
Causes of Hyperthyroidism:
The most common cause of hyperthyroidism is Grave’s disease. It is an autoimmune disorder where certain antibodies stimulate the thyroid gland to secrete too much hormone. It is more common in women and tends to run in families. Other causes of hyperthyroidism are tumors of thyroid gland and pituitary gland, excess intake of thyroxine for treatment of hypothyroidism.
Symptoms of Hyperthyroidism:
Diagnosis of Hyperthyroidism:
Patients who present with above symptoms could be potentially suffering from hyperthyroidism. Blood tests, Ultrasound of the thyroid gland and a special scan of thyroid gland known as radioactive iodine uptake scan is required to confirm the diagnosis. In cases where tumors of brain seem to be the cause, CT or MRI of head is required to confirm the diagnosis.
Treatment of Hyperthyroidism:
Treatment of hyperthyroidism is necessary in order to prevent the complications such as heart failure and heart rhythm abnormalities. Moreover lack of sleep and anxiety affect the quality of life and these should be controlled as well.
Treatment is focused on three main aspects:
The treatment is decided based on the severity of symptoms by the treating doctor.