Posted on Apr 19, 2022
Hospital recovery for a kidney transplant is usually 5 to 10 days. The length of stay depends on the medical condition and needs. Recipients have to remain in intensive care unit for 24 to 48 hr and are then transferred to the transplant unit. Generally, recipients start to walk after the 3rd day of surgery and are discharged around 10 to 14 day after surgery. The patient can join work after the 3rd-month post surgery. Donors have to remain in the hospital for 3 to 4 days, and then the patient would be discharged and followed up in the transplant OPD at frequent intervals. The recipient needs to continue to follow up the doctor for medical advice. Ideally, the patient should visit every week for 2 months, then every fortnight for next 2 month, then every month for the next 1 year, post-transplant surgery.
There is increased risk of infection after kidney transplant because of immunosuppressive medication. Patients should avoid infection by a simple measure such as:
The patient should report any of the following problems to treating the doctor as soon as possible:
There is an increased risk of diabetics after transplant because of medications. Even if patients did not have diabetes before, he may develop diabetes after transplant. This type of diabetes is called new-onset diabetes after transplant or NODAT. This can occur as a side effect of the medications that may need to prevent rejection of new kidney.
Most sexual functions return after a successful transplant if the problem was due to kidney disease or dialysis. Patient should talk to their transplant team about any problems with sexual function, or if patient has questions about safe sex, contraception or pregnancy
The transplant team will help patients to make the right choices to develop and live a healthy lifestyle. Patient should: