In general words, Osteoporosis means loss of bone mass. Osteoporosis is most common cause of fractures in older age group. Osteoporosis is often known as ‘the silent thief’ because bone loss occurs without symptoms. Until a fracture occurs there are typically no symptoms. Bones may weaken to such a degree that a break may occur with minor stress or spontaneously. Fractures from osteoporosis are more common than heart attack, stroke and breast cancer combined. At least one in three women and one in five men will suffer from an osteoporotic fracture during their lifetime. Bone loss increases after menopause due to lower levels of estrogen.
Osteoporosis may also occur due to a number of diseases or treatments including alcoholism, anorexia, hyperthyroidism, kidney disease, and surgical removal of the ovaries. Certain medications increase the rate of bone loss including some antiseizure medications, chemotherapy, proton pump inhibitors, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, and glucocorticosteroids.
Recommendations to prevent Osteoporosis:
Good dietary sources are oily fish – such as salmon, sardines, herring and mackerel,red meat,liver,egg yolks, fortified foods such as most fat spreads and some breakfast cereals & dietary supplements.