Posted on Apr 19, 2022
Loss of functionality of muscles in any part of the body, when the messages between muscles and brain are disrupted, is known as Paralysis. Damage in the nervous system, especially spinal cord causes paralysis. Other major factors are trauma with nerve injuries, stroke, poliomyelitis, peripheral neuropathy and cerebral palsy.
Symptoms of Paralysis:
Paralysis is classified in several different ways. i.e. it can be generalized, affecting wider portion or can also be localized, affecting some particular parts of our body.
Localized paralysis: Examples
Generalized paralysis: Examples
Temporary and Permanent paralysis
Paralysis can be either temporary or permanent. Bell’s Palsy is a relatively common factor of temporary paralysis that leads to paralysis of the face. Sometimes the paralysis occurring due to stroke can also be a temporary one. Paralysis led by serious injuries like the severe injury of the spine, is generally permanent.
Levels of injury of spinal cord
While assessing the intensity of spinal cord injury, it is usually a case of identifying where on the spine has the injury been inflicted and how worse the relevant muscles and nerves have been hurt.
Spinal cord is evaluated by the use of a number and lettering system which is based on vertebrae (i.e. the disc shaped bones which assist in supporting the neck and spine)
A spine comprises of 24 vertebrae in total and consists of-
People with injury of spinal cord injury between C1 & C7 are more likely to develop paralysis of all 4 limbs known as tetraplegia
The extent of paralysis along with a subsequent decline in the functionality of muscles depends on the high degree of intensity of the injury. i.e.