Emergency ()

How do people develop Epilepsy?

How do people develop Epilepsy?
in Neurology

Apr 19, 2022

Epilepsy is a fairly common chronic or neurological disorder that affects 65 million people around the world. Most people with epilepsy lead outwardly normal lives. The condition can and does affect daily life for people with epilepsy, their family, and their friends. Anyone can develop epilepsy, but it’s more common in young children and older adults. It occurs slightly more in males than in females.

Causes of Epilepsy:

  • Genetic – Some people with no known cause of epilepsy may have a genetic form of epilepsy. One or more genes may cause epilepsy or epilepsy may be caused by the way some genes work in the brain. The relationship between genes and seizures can be very complex and genetic testing is not available yet for many forms of epilepsy.
  • Brain Structure – About 3 out of 10 people have a change in the structure of their brains that causes the electrical storms of seizures.
  • Brain Size – Some young children may be born with a structural change in an area of the brain that gives rise to seizures.
  • Brain Infections – Infections of the brain are also common causes of epilepsy. The initial infections are treated with medication, but the infection can leave scarring on the brain that causes seizures at a later time.
  • Head trauma – Serious head injuries can cause epilepsy, sometimes years after the injury.
  • Medical conditions – Other medical conditions increase the risk of epilepsy, such as Alzheimer’s disease, stroke, brain tumours and problems with the blood vessels in the brain.
  • Problems during pregnancy, birth, or early development – In some cases, infections during pregnancy, problems during birth, congenital brain defects (problems with the brain that are present at birth), or injury to an infant’s brain may cause epilepsy.

Behaviour and Emotions: It is not uncommon for people with epilepsy, especially children, to develop behavioural and emotional problems. Sometimes these problems are caused by embarrassment or frustration associated with epilepsy. People with epilepsy have an increased risk of poor self-esteem, depression, and suicide. These problems may be a reaction to a lack of understanding or discomfort about epilepsy that may result in cruelty or avoidance by other people.

Recent Blogs
Understanding the Nuances: Schizophrenia vs. Bipolar Disorder
In the realm of mental health, conditions like schizophrenia and bipolar disorder often lead to misconceptions and confusion due to overlapping symptoms and shared features. However, a deeper understanding of their differences is crucial for accurate diagnosis and effective treatment.
Continue Reading
Can Neurologists Treat Depression Effectively? Unraveling the Mind-Brain Connection
Depression, often considered a disorder of the mind, has long been associated with psychological treatments. However, emerging research suggests that the roots of depression might also lie in the intricate workings of the brain. In this blog, we delve into the question: Can neurologists effectively treat depression?
Continue Reading
Understanding the Differences between Alzheimer's and Parkinson's Disease
Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease are both neurological disorders that affect millions of people worldwide. Despite sharing some similarities in terms of symptoms and impact on daily life, they are distinct conditions with unique characteristics.
Continue Reading
Understanding and Addressing Focal Neurological Deficits
Focal neurological deficits refer to specific, localized impairments in neurological function due to damage or dysfunction in a particular area of the brain or nervous system. These deficits can manifest in various ways, depending on the affected region, and understanding their nature is crucial for accurate diagnosis and effective treatment.
Continue Reading
Migraines: Simple Steps to Head Off the Pain
Migraines are intense headaches that can be debilitating, affecting millions of people worldwide. The pain, often accompanied by other symptoms like nausea and sensitivity to light and sound, can significantly disrupt daily life. While there's no one-size-fits-all solution for migraines, there are simple steps individuals can take to help head off the pain and manage their symptoms effectively.
Continue Reading
What is a stroke?
Continue Reading
What is a traumatic brain injury (TBI)?
A traumatic brain injury, or TBI, can happen when there is a blow to the head. The injury can be penetrating, such as a gunshot wound, or a non-penetrating injury, such as being struck in the head in a car accident.
Continue Reading
View all Blogs