Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a neuro- degenerative disorder featuring gradually progressive cognitive and functional deficits as well as behavioral changes and is associated with accumulation of amyloid and tau depositions in the brain.
AD prevalence is rapidly increasing because the proportion of people 65 years and older is growing fast. India reports more than 10 million cases each year, however, the awareness associated with the same is low and the same is not considered as neurological issues. People suffering from AD are regarded as suffering from any psychological or mental health complication.
Risk factors associated with Alzheimer’s disease:
- Although age is the greatest risk factor for the development of AD, in and of itself, old age is not sufficient to cause AD.
- Other major risk factors include the presence of one or more apolipoprotein gene E4 alleles (APOE)
- Low educational and occupational attainment
- Family history of AD
- Moderate or severe traumatic brain injuries
- Cardiovascular risk factors
- Gender modulates the prevalence of AD. Nearly two-thirds of all patients diagnosed with AD are women.
- Genetic, hormonal, and societal factors
Important Facts about Alzheimer’s Disease:
- Alzheimer’s Disease is not a psychological issue but a neurological ailment
- This is a disease caused due to the degeneration of the nerves and the brain cells.
- Memory loss is a major sign and symptom of AD.
- There is no cure for treating AD. It can only be managed through medication.