Stroke is the third common cause of mortality and a leading cause of disability. The National Commission on Macroeconomics & Health in India projected about 1.6 million cases of stroke in 2015 with death occurring in one fourth of cases. Women have a higher incidence of stroke across the world. The gender wise data are not available in India. The women in India are less likely to receive medical care and are at a increased risk of having stroke.
What is Stroke? How does it Occur?
Stroke occurs if there is a problem in the blood supply to an area in the brain – Either due to blockage of blood vessel (ischemic stroke-80%) or rupture of blood vessel (haemorrhagic stroke 20 %).
Symptoms of stroke are usually sudden in onset characterized by weakness or numbness of one half of the body or visual problems or dizziness and imbalance while walking or speech related problems or even sudden severe headache and vomiting, confusional state, etc.
The major risk factors of stroke besides age, ethnicity & hereditary common to both genders are—
Act fast in case of a Stroke:
Risk factors are cumulative, the more the number of risk factors greater are the chances of having a stroke. Having a stroke is one of the most devastating and life changing events. Timely management of the risk factors can greatly lower the chances of having a stroke. In case of a stroke due to clogging, the clot can be busted if the patient reaches the emergency within 3 hours of the onset of stroke, which may result in partial or even complete recovery. In most of the cases women are the care givers and it is essential for them to look after their health.