Emergency ()

What are Developmental Disabilities?

What are Developmental Disabilities?
in Neurology

Apr 19, 2022

Developmental disabilities are the diverse group of chronic conditions which are due to mental or physical impairments. It causes individuals living with them many difficulties in certain areas of life, especially in “language, mobility, learning, self-help, and independent living”. Developmental disabilities can be detected in the early stages, and do persist throughout an individual’s lifespan.  It is also important to understand that there are no mainline cures and treatments associated with the majority of the developmental disabilities. However the same can be managed well with medication and right medical expertise. Majorly Genetic factors have long been responsible for the developmental disabilities. Also, there are also large environmental components responsible for these disabilities, and the relative contributions of nature versus nurture have been debated for decades. The causes and cases of developmental disabilities are varied and are not known in a large proportion of cases.

Common Developmental Disabilities

Common Developmental Disabilities:

  • Down syndrome: This is the disorder in which people are born with an additional copy of chromosome 21. Normally, a person is born with two copies of chromosome 21. However, if they are born with the disorder, Down syndrome, they have an extra copy of this chromosome. This additional copy of chromosomes affects the development of the body and brain, causing physical and mental challenges for the individual.
  • Fragile X Syndrome: It results in Autism and Intellectual disabilities.
  • Pervasive Developmental Disorders: This group of developmental disabilities can cause significant social, communication and behavioral challenges.
  • Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: It is a condition that can occur in a person whose mother takes alcohol during pregnancy. This type of disorder is 100% preventable if a woman does not drink alcohol during pregnancy.
  • Cerebral Palsy: This group of disorders affects a person’s ability to move and maintain balance and posture.
  • Intellectual Disability: It is also sometimes known as mental retardation and is defined as an IQ below 70 along with limitations in adaptive functioning in children.


Recent Blogs
Understanding the Nuances: Schizophrenia vs. Bipolar Disorder
In the realm of mental health, conditions like schizophrenia and bipolar disorder often lead to misconceptions and confusion due to overlapping symptoms and shared features. However, a deeper understanding of their differences is crucial for accurate diagnosis and effective treatment.
Continue Reading
Can Neurologists Treat Depression Effectively? Unraveling the Mind-Brain Connection
Depression, often considered a disorder of the mind, has long been associated with psychological treatments. However, emerging research suggests that the roots of depression might also lie in the intricate workings of the brain. In this blog, we delve into the question: Can neurologists effectively treat depression?
Continue Reading
Understanding the Differences between Alzheimer's and Parkinson's Disease
Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease are both neurological disorders that affect millions of people worldwide. Despite sharing some similarities in terms of symptoms and impact on daily life, they are distinct conditions with unique characteristics.
Continue Reading
Understanding and Addressing Focal Neurological Deficits
Focal neurological deficits refer to specific, localized impairments in neurological function due to damage or dysfunction in a particular area of the brain or nervous system. These deficits can manifest in various ways, depending on the affected region, and understanding their nature is crucial for accurate diagnosis and effective treatment.
Continue Reading
Migraines: Simple Steps to Head Off the Pain
Migraines are intense headaches that can be debilitating, affecting millions of people worldwide. The pain, often accompanied by other symptoms like nausea and sensitivity to light and sound, can significantly disrupt daily life. While there's no one-size-fits-all solution for migraines, there are simple steps individuals can take to help head off the pain and manage their symptoms effectively.
Continue Reading
What is a stroke?
Continue Reading
What is a traumatic brain injury (TBI)?
A traumatic brain injury, or TBI, can happen when there is a blow to the head. The injury can be penetrating, such as a gunshot wound, or a non-penetrating injury, such as being struck in the head in a car accident.
Continue Reading
View all Blogs