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What are the symptoms of thalassemia major?

Thalassemia can be defined as a blood disorder that is caused due to a defect in the oxygen-carrying protein. This disorder is characteristic of less oxygen-carrying protein – hemoglobin and hence there are fewer red blood cells in the body of a thalassemia patient. The common signs and symptoms associated with the same include – fatigue, weakness, paleness and slow growth.Mild forms may not need treatment. Severe forms may require blood transfusions or a donor stem-cell transplant.

If anyone of your parents is a carrier for thalassemia, then the same can develop a form of the disease and the patient can be known as Thalassemia Minor.

If both of your parents are carriers of thalassemia, you have a greater chance of inheriting a more serious form of the disease.

There are two main forms of thalassemia that are more serious:-

1). Alpha thalassemia and

2). Beta thalassemia.

Thalassemia Major:-

 It is the most severe forms of beta-thalassemia. It develops when beta globin genes are missing. The severe anemia related to this condition can be life-threatening. Other signs and symptoms include :

  • Fatigue
  • Weakness
  •  Jaundice
  • Facial bone deformities
  • Slow growth
  • Abdominal swelling
  • Dark urine

Hemoglobin Is The Substance In Your Red Blood Cells That Allows Them To Carry Oxygen.

Other Types of Thalassemia:

There are three major types of thalassemia and four subtypes.

  • Beta thalassemia:- Beta thalassemia occurs when your body can’t produce beta globin
  • Alpha thalassemia:- Alpha thalassemia occurs when the body cannot make alpha globin.
  • Thalassemia minor:-The symptoms of thalassemia major generally appear before a child’s 2nd  birth.

Treatment for Thalassemia:-

  • Blood transfusions
  • Bone marrow transplant
  • Medications and supplements and
  • Possible surgery to remove the spleen or gallbladder