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Posted on Apr 19, 2022

What the common contraception ways for women today?

Hormonal and non-hormonal contraceptives

Contraceptives fall into two broad categories: hormonal and non-hormonal. There are also two main types of hormonal formulations, namely progestogen-only contraceptives and combined hormones.
Progestogen-only products include hormonal implants, IUCs, injectables

Combined hormonal methods include the contraceptive patch, combined injectables, vaginal rings and oral contraceptive pills.

Types of Contraceptives:

  • Hormonal implants
    This long-acting reversible implant comprises of matchstick-sized rods containing synthetic progesterone that are implanted under the skin of the upper arm. The implant lasts up to three years and is 99.9% effective, making it one of the most effective contraceptive methods available.
  • Vaginal ring
    This soft flexible plastic ring is conveniently inserted into the vagina and releases hormones in a similar way as the oral contraceptive pill. If used according to instructions, it’s 99.3% effective.
  •  IUCs and IUDs
    Both hormonal and non-hormonal IUDs or IUCs are suitable for women of any age. They can be used by most women, even if they have existing health conditions.

 Progestogen-only injectables 

The contraceptive injectable, also known as Depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA), is an intramuscular injection of progestogen given every 12 weeks.

A small plastic flesh-colored square patch that sticks firmly on the skin of the upper arm, abdomen or buttocks is also used as a contraceptive. It releases synthetic estrogen (ethinyl estradiol) and progesterone (norelgestromin).

Oral contraceptives (OCS)

Combined oral contraceptives and the mini-pill.

If you wish to opt for a contraceptive pill, please first consult your gynecologist and share your medical history. Do not self-medicate. Based on your medical history and need the doctor will recommend the best contraceptive choice to you.