Hormonal and non-hormonal contraceptives
Contraceptives fall into two broad categories: hormonal and non-hormonal. There are also two main types of hormonal formulations, namely progestogen-only contraceptives and combined hormones.
Progestogen-only products include hormonal implants, IUCs, injectables
Combined hormonal methods include the contraceptive patch, combined injectables, vaginal rings and oral contraceptive pills.
Types of Contraceptives:
- Hormonal implants
This long-acting reversible implant comprises of matchstick-sized rods containing synthetic progesterone that are implanted under the skin of the upper arm. The implant lasts up to three years and is 99.9% effective, making it one of the most effective contraceptive methods available.
- Vaginal ring
This soft flexible plastic ring is conveniently inserted into the vagina and releases hormones in a similar way as the oral contraceptive pill. If used according to instructions, it’s 99.3% effective.
- IUCs and IUDs
Both hormonal and non-hormonal IUDs or IUCs are suitable for women of any age. They can be used by most women, even if they have existing health conditions.
The contraceptive injectable, also known as Depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA), is an intramuscular injection of progestogen given every 12 weeks.
A small plastic flesh-colored square patch that sticks firmly on the skin of the upper arm, abdomen or buttocks is also used as a contraceptive. It releases synthetic estrogen (ethinyl estradiol) and progesterone (norelgestromin).
Oral contraceptives (OCS)
Combined oral contraceptives and the mini-pill.
If you wish to opt for a contraceptive pill, please first consult your gynecologist and share your medical history. Do not self-medicate. Based on your medical history and need the doctor will recommend the best contraceptive choice to you.