Acid reflux is a condition that develops when the chime from stomach reflux back to the esophagus pipe due to the opening of the gastro-esophagus sphincter in the absence of bleaching, nausea, and vomiting. Reflux is a physiological phenomenon that appears after meals, for a short period, and that is usually due to spontaneous relaxation of the lower esophageal sphincter.
Causes of Acid Reflux
GERD occurs when the gastric content passes from the stomach to the esophagus.
Signs and Symptoms
- Gastric acidity
- Sour taste
- Difficulty swallowing (dysphagia)
When to See a Doctor?
If you experience any above symptom, consult your doctor immediately.
Treatment and Management of Acid Reflux
The treatment of reflux depends on the degree of pain. Mild cases can be treated only with changes in life habits, while in more serious cases they may need surgical intervention.
1) Alterations in the habits of life
- Elevation of the head of the bed. You can place a block under the foot of the bed to raise the head to about 20 cm.
- Some drinks and foods worsen the symptoms of those who have GERD, including alcohol, cola (soda drinks), fried foods, hot drinks, chocolate, citrus juices and tomato sauce.
- Avoid the cigar.
Those persons who present moderate symptoms or in which the measures in the habits did not have an effect, must be treated with medicines to prevent a more serious esophagitis and the appearance of Barret’s esophagus.
Proton pump inhibitors are drugs that decrease the secretion of acid by the stomach, thus decreasing the risk of esophageal injury in those with reflux. The best known are Omeprazole, Lansoprazole, and Pantoprazole. Ranitidine belongs to another class of drugs but also reduces stomach acid. Therefore, its potency is lower than that of proton pump inhibitors.
To restore the capacity of the body, LES may be necessary for patients who do not respond to the measures indicated above and maintain severe symptoms.