Atherosclerosis is the condition when the arteries of your heart become narrow because of the development of a plaque. It is also known as the hardening of the arteries. Arteries, the blood vessels perform the task of carrying oxygen as well as nutrients from the heart to the rest of the body. This is a common heart disease in the older adults because the arteries can get blocked or jammed because of collecting excessive fat and cholesterol throughout the year. The plaque can be formed due to that, and then your arteries become narrow and cannot work properly.
- Chest pain and angina
- Pain in leg, arm or anywhere in the body which has a blocked artery
- Confusion because blockage affects blood circulation to your brain
- Shortness of breath
- Weak muscles due to lack of circulation
Causes and Risk Factors
Development of plaque and hardening of the arteries are the main causes of Atherosclerosis. High cholesterol is the main cause of building the plaque. Apart from that, excessive fat and aging can be the other causes.
If you have a family history of Atherosclerosis, then you should remain careful. Lack of exercise and eating foods that consist too much fat can enhance the risks as well. Apart from that smoking, high blood pressure or diabetes can also increase the risk of Atherosclerosis.Apart from medications, there are surgeries and other medical therapies to fight against this condition. The doctor can suggest the process as per your overall health.
Medications are there to treat this disease. Otherwise, the doctor may also suggest surgery on the basis of your health condition and the severity of Atherosclerosis.