Birth control refers to a national policy aimed at regulating or limiting the number of births in a country by, among other things, developing access to contraceptive methods. Also known as family planning, this state-controlled medical system has been very prominent in some overcrowded countries like India and China.
The two primary methods of birth control are temporary contraception (condom, IUD, pills, etc.) and sterilization- permanent contraception (castration, tubal ligation, vasectomy, etc.).
There are many types of contraception widely used nowadays for family planning purposes. Each method has its advantages and goes to special cases and does not necessarily suits everyone. The choice of contraception relies on different needs of the patients like the period of contraception and also your doctor should decide that the method suits your needs more. No method of contraception is completely effective, and the failure rates for most reversible methods are strongly influenced by compliances.
The methods of birth control or contraception, are designed to prevent pregnancy; these methods, depending on which one is chosen, work in different ways.
Some ways in which these methods work is preventing the passage of sperm to the egg such as condom, diaphragm and intrauterine devices; others prevent the ovaries from releasing ovules that can later be fertilized as contraceptive pills do; and a definitive method would be the sterilization that prevents a woman from getting pregnant and that man can do it.
Since most of the birth control methods affect the women’s health, we suggest consulting a physician or specialist gynecologist.