Brain tumors can be found when there is abnormal growth in the bone. It can either benign (noncancerous) or malignant (cancerous). This tumor begins in bone cells, especially in the age group of 10-30 years.
Common Symptoms of Bone Tumors:
- Joint stiffness and swelling
- Severe pain
There are basically four stages of bone tumours:
T – Tells the size of the primary bone tumour.
N – Indicates whether the bone cancer cells have spread to regional lymph nodes.
M –Indicates whether cancer has metastasized (spread to distant areas of the body).
G – Describes how abnormal the tumour cells look under the microscope (high-grade tumours look more abnormal, grow more quickly and are more likely to spread).
If an individual is even on stage T, then they should immediately consult with a doctor.
Causes of bone tumours:
The Bone tumor begins as an error in a cell’s DNA, through which the cell grows aggressively. Then that accumulating mutated cells form a tumor that can seize nearby structures or spread to other areas of the body.
Risk factor of Bone Tumor:
- If an individual earlier had a Radiation therapy done for other disorders, then it may result in risk for bone tumor.
- Having a Genetic disorder may also be a major risk.
- Chemotherapy for other cancer treatment may also have risk of bone tumors.
Prevention for Bone Tumor :
- Don’t use any type of tobacco
- Maintain a healthy diet and be physically active.
Treatment Methods for Bone Tumor:
The Paras Cancer Centre, Patna offers the best treatment methods with their modern technologies for the patients of having bone related disorders:
- Surgery: It involves direct removal of tumor, and it gives a surrounding of healthy tissue.
- Chemotherapy: Destroys the cancer cells or stops their growth too.
- Radiation therapy: Uses high-energy x-rays or other particles to destroy cancer cells.
- Targeted therapy: Uses drugs or other substances to kill the cancer cells.
An individual with a bone tumor has a survival rate of 70-75% chances if detected in the first stage, but If detected in the fourth stage, a patient lives only about 6-18 months. The incidence of bone cancer is 1/100 cancer cases only, but it contributes to about 6-7% of paediatric cancer patients.