Cardiomyopathy is a progressive sickness of the heart muscle or myocardium. This happens when the heart muscle becomes weak and cannot pump the blood to the rest of the body as it should. There can be a range of factors that cause this weakness. There are several types of cardiomyopathy in the medical history. All of them are caused by different factors.
Cardiomyopathy can lead to other serious health issues like irregular heartbeat, heart failure, valve problem in heart, etc.
Signs and Symptoms
- Chest pain
- Shortness of breath
- Heart palpitations
- Fainting attacks
- High blood pressure
- Swelling of feet, leg, and ankles
Causes and Risk Factors
There are different types of cardiomyopathy, and all of them have different causes. It can be genetic, due to consumption of certain drugs regularly or because of pregnancy as well. A heart transplant can also be a cause. People with the family history of cardiomyopathy or heart failure can be at high risk. People who are suffering from high blood pressure for a long time or have diabetes can also have high risk. Alcohol abuse and coronary heart disease are some other risk factors.
Apart from that, HIV or HIV treatment can increase the risk of cardiomyopathy in your body too.
Treatment and Management
The level of the damage of the heart determines the treatment process in this case. Sometimes following some heart-healthy lifestyle can help you to avoid the risks. Apart from that, there are medications and surgeries to treat the same.