Digestive disorders are common problems and frequent reasons for medical consultations. Dietary habits and specific types of foods play an important role in the initiation, treatment, and prevention of many disorders of this type, therefore, controlling certain characteristics of the diet, it contributes to the decrease of symptoms and the patient’s well-being. Most digestive problems can be treated with medications
Signs and Symptoms of Gastrointestinal Disorders
- chest pain
- difficulty in swallowing
The digestive disorders have a very diverse nature.
- Some diseases with digestive symptoms have an inflammatory origin, for example, Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis.
- Other diseases are linked to changes in gastrointestinal blood pressure. This is the case when the liver becomes fibrotic (for example in cirrhosis) and hinders the normal circulation of blood, causing an increase in local blood pressure. This can cause bleeding from varicose veins in the esophagus. Vasoactive treatments control this type of bleeding and reduce the risk of recurrence.
- Inflammation in liver
- Having high lipid content
Treatment and Management
- H2 antihistamines reduce gastric acid and facilitate healing of the inflamed lining of the stomach, intestine or esophagus.
- Proton pump inhibitors manage to reduce stomach acidity quickly and for a long time.
- About bleeding esophageal varices, there are treatments with vasoactive available that control the bleeding caused by ulcers and reduce the risk of re-bleeding. These drugs can also prevent complications after digestive surgery or specific endoscope
- Avoid eating meals abundantly, this causes fullness, bloating, nausea and upset stomach.
- Avoid eating very hot or freezing foods. Remember that the stomach can be affected by extreme temperatures.
- Chew food very well, eat slowly, do not drink liquids with a cigarette and eat with your mouth closed to avoid air intake and gas production.