Ewing’s Sarcoma is a very rare type of cancer, which grows in the form of a tumour in bones and the soft tissues around them, like cartilages and nerves. It affects people usually around the ages of 10 to 20, but younger children and older adults can also be affected. Luckily, it has a high rate of curability. It accounts approximately to 0.2% of all cancers worldwide. It’s often overlooked due to its slow onset or as a minor sports injury. In 2017, an estimated 3,260 cases of bone and joint cancer will be reported, according to the National Cancer Institute.
Symptoms mostly include pain, swelling or stiffness in affected area, mostly joints of arms, legs, chest back or pelvis. Other symptoms include:
- Lumps on skin that feel soft and warm
- Low Fever
- Joint or bone pain during night or when exercising
- Brittle bones
- Unexplained weight loss
Causes and Risk Factors
The exact cause of any primary bone cancer in unknown. Although it is related to rapid bone growth and the times at which it takes place, which explains why this disease is more prevalent in teenagers. The following factors increase the chances of contracting this disease:
- Genetic Mutation – This disease is not inherited. Mutation occurs for no known reason.
- Age – More than half the patients are between 10 and 20.
- Gender – More probable in males.
Treatment and Management
Treatment includes clinical trials and systemic therapy for children and teenagers. There are number of treatments, one of them or more than one of them maybe used (combination treatment):
- Stem Cell/Bone Marrow Transplant
All of these facilities are available in premier hospitals and medical institutes like Paras Hospitals Group, that ensure proper treatment, management and care.