Fibroids are benign growths of the uterine wall. Uterine organ, being the developing fetus during pregnancy.
Signs and Symptoms
The symptoms of uterine fibroids range from mild to severe health problems. They depend on the size and location of the structures.
The symptoms of uterine fibroids can include:
- Pelvic pain;
- The feeling of pressure in the pelvis;
- Severe menstrual bleeding;
- Low back pain or leg pain;
- Blood clots during menstruation;
- Long periods of menstruation;
- Bleeding between periods;
- Increased cramping in menstrual periods;
- Pain during sex;
- Frequent urination;
- Fibroids grow during pregnancy, and decreases after birth;
- Fibroids are less in menopause. But, by treatment with hormone replacement therapy (AFE), The symptoms of uterine fibroids are amplified.
- Genetic studies show the body some women more susceptible to the appearance of fibroids. Substances that growth of blood vessels can also affect the size and growth rate of the fibroid.
Factors That Affect the Risk of Uterine Fibroids:
- The risk of uterine fibroids increases with age (before menopause);
- The family history of uterine fibroids.
- Obesity and hypertension may also be associated with increased risk of uterine fibroids.
If the bleeding is severe, iron deficiency anemia can develop, causing red blood cell levels to drop.
Most cases of fibroids detected during the pelvic inspection.
For an accurate diagnosis of uterine fibroids need to perform pictures of the uterus and the surrounding organs. For these purposes:
- Abdominal ultrasound;
- Transvaginal ultrasound;
- CT or MRI;
Treatment and Management
- Mild painkillers (ibuprofen, paracetamol), to ease pain easier;
- Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs to reduce inflammation and spasm
- Pain medication, prescription;
- Tranexamic acid – to control the symptoms of bleeding.
Treating uterine fibroids with hormones is an option for women, not trying to get pregnant.
Surgical procedures for the treatment of uterine fibroids are:
- Myomectomy – It is performed through an incision in the abdominal cavity, then remove fibroids from the uterus;
- Hysterectomy – removal of the entire uterus made. It means you can never get pregnant.