Gallbladder Cancer is usually not found at an early stage because it is located deep inside the body. It starts in the gland cells lining the gallbladder, which is known as Adenocarcinomas. About 85% of all gallbladder cancers are adenocarcinomas, rest other 15% gallbladder cancers starts in the skin-like cells, called squamous cell carcinomas, lymphomas of the gallbladder, and sarcomas of the gallbladder. Such type of cancer usually occurs in the individuals over the age of 70.
Major symptoms which an individual should not avoid and should immediately refer to the respective specialists:
- Abdominal pain
- Nausea and vomiting
- A lump in the abdomen
Researchers have found several risk factors which are responsible for developing Gallbladder Cancer in an individual.
Major Risk Factors Of Gallbladder Cancer:
- Gallstones- Most common risk factor for gallbladder cancer. These are rock-like formations of bile salts and cholesterol, which can occur in the gallbladder or bile duct.
- Age & Gender: Women are more likely to develop gallbladder cancer than men and such disorder occurs in individuals over the age of 70.
- Gallbladder polyps: Basically, It is a growth that sometimes forms when small gallstones get embedded in the gallbladder wall. Polyps larger than 1 centimeter are more likely to be cancerous.
- Smoking can also be a major risk factor for such disorder.
Prevention: Simply by maintaining a healthy diet and weight can lower the risk of developing gallbladder cancer.
Treatment Options For Gallbladder Cancer:
Treatment options depend on various factors, including the stage of cancer and also with the patient’s preferences. Paras Hospital, which is known to be the best Hospital for cancer care, serves the best possible treatment methods listed below:
- Radiation therapy
- Targeted therapy
- Hormone therapy
Gallbladder cancer can be cured only if it is found before it has spread. But if in case, it has already spread, then the Individual should not delay for the treatment procedure in order to control the complications of such disease.