Gastroenteritis is characterized by loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, moderate or severe diarrhea and discomfort in the abdomen, and is usually due to an infection that is acquired by consuming contaminated food.
Signs and Symptoms
- Loss of appetite
- Intestinal noises
Certain bacteria can release several substances that disrupt the intestinal mucosa, causing a release of sodium and chlorine that results in water being expelled. Among these bacteria, the following could be highlighted:
- Escherichia coli – traveler’s diarrhea.
- Vibrio cholera
- Shigella spp.
- Microorganisms such as Salmonella or Campylobacter.
- Enteric adenoviruses.
- Parasites such as Giardia lamblia and Cryptosporidium
- Consume toxic substances.
- Lactose intolerance.
The consumption of improperly cooked, spoiled or contaminated foods, such as mayonnaise or raw seafood leads to gastroenteritis. Trips or activities performed can provide valuable data for the diagnosis of acute diarrhea.
- Those who normally eat certain food products such as mayonnaise, cream, eggs or seafood.
- People with immune-deficiencies
- People residing in hospital clinics or reception centers.
- The patient’s health status
Analysis of stool samples to verify the presence of:
- White blood cells
Also, it will favor the task of identifying the cause of gastroenteritis to examine:
- Food products.
For some microorganisms such as shigella, campylobacter or salmonella serology or determination of specific antibodies can be useful in a blood sample, but in very specific cases.
Treatment and Management
Use certain antiemetics such as:
As symptoms improve, soft products can be added to the usual diet, such as:
- Cooked cereals.
- Liquid yogurt
- Grated apple
- Toasted bread
Administration of drugs such as:
- Bismuth subsalicylate