The hepatitis is the inflammation of the liver that can be due to diverse causes, although generally, it is a virus the person in charge of the affection. It results in various problems such as low bile production, deficiencies of nutrients, decreased the ability of digestion, low immunity level and low blood sugar level.
The hepatitis is a disease that many known causes:
- Infections due to viruses, bacteria or parasites.
- Disorders of autoimmune type.
- Injuries due to interruption of normal blood supply to the liver.
- Presence in the body of certain drugs, toxins, medicines, etc.
- Presence of hereditary disorders such as cystic fibrosis or Wilson’s disease
Signs and Symptoms
The symptoms that can be perceived in the first moments of the illness (first 5-7 days after the infection) are easily confused with those of the flu or any other common illness; it is noted:
- General malaise, fatigue and lack of concentration.
- Febricula (tenths) or fever up to 39ºC.
- Muscle and joint pain.
- Photophobia (light phobia).
- Digestive symptoms, lack of appetite, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea.
- Dark colored urine
- Analytical test to check the levels of transaminases
- Viral hepatitis test
- Liver biopsy: This test consists of taking a sample of the liver using a small puncture. This sample is analyzed under the microscope and informs us of the evolution of the disease, which helps to make decisions regarding the treatment.
Treatment and Management
- Hepatitis can be cured without medical intervention.
- A combination of ribavirin (an antiviral that is taken orally) with pegylated alpha interferon (which is administered subcutaneously)
- It is essential that people with hepatitis do not take medicines or other substances without consulting the doctor beforehand, not even vitamin supplements or medicinal plants, as they can be hepatotoxic. Also, they must suppress alcohol consumption and follow a balanced diet appropriate to their condition to avoid malnutrition.
- As a last option in cases where liver damage is irreversible, transplantation can be used.