Infertility and Reproduction
Infertility is the decline or lack of ability to generate offspring. Infertility does not mean a definitive inability to have children. The sterility of a couple is defined as the absolute inability to conceive a child.
Fertility varies from one person to another and from one couple to another. The diagnosis of infertility is made after two years of sexual intercourse without the use of a contraceptive method and not resulting in pregnancy. About 40% of the causes of infertility are due to women, 30% of men and 15% to both partners.
Both male and female infertility can result from various disorders and medical problems.
Female sterility is influenced by:
- Sexually transmitted infections with chlamydia, among others;
- Ovarian lesions;
- The shutter of the fallopian tubes;
- Hypothyroidism (a thyroid disorder);
- Endometriosis (a disorder characterized by the presence of uterine lining cells outside the uterus);
- Polycystic ovary syndrome;
- The presence of scars in the uterus;
- Fibroids (benign tumors that sit on the smooth muscle of the uterus)
- Congenital conditions such as cystic fibrosis;
- Exercises too intense (leading to the absence of the rules);
- Anorexia or bulimia;
- Frequent weight variations;
There are dozens of possible tests to determine both the origin of male and female infertility. When it comes to men, the diagnosis is based on the sperm count. To be able to perform the sperm count, the man must provide a sample of his ejaculate. A physical examination of the reproductive system and a review of the levels of various hormones are the first things to check for women. These results provide clues not only about the cause of infertility but also about the likelihood of successful treatment.
The best way to prevent infertility is still the practice of safer sex. Since venereal conditions such as Chlamydia infection and gonorrhea can lead to infertility.
Several hormonal treatments can treat female infertility; they are offered in the form of pills and injections. In general, hormone treatments are less expensive than other fertility treatments. Several techniques increase a woman’s chances of procreation. In the practice of in vitro fertilization or IVF, hormones are used to stimulate the production of several eggs that are then removed for fertilization out of the body.