Labor and Delivery Pain
During the first part of labor, called labor or dilatation, the pain is caused by uterine contractions that gradually open the cervix. This perception is usually unobtrusive at first, but as work progresses, the pain becomes intense.
It is a pain of effort, a sign that the uterine muscle is working, and not alert, as is the case when you burn yourself or when you give yourself a shot. It is intermittent, that is, it corresponds to the precise moment when the uterus contracts. The pain is usually located in the pelvis, but it can also radiate in the back or legs. It is because eventually, the uterus is so large that any stimulation can have repercussions on the whole body.
Childbirth: an eminently variable pain
Obstetric pain in childbirth is therefore caused by specific anatomical mechanisms, but it is not just about that. It is indeed challenging to know how this pain is felt because it is its particularity, it is not perceived in the same way by all women.
Certain physiological factors such as the position of the child or the shape of the uterus can influence the perception of pain. In some cases, the baby’s head is so oriented in the pelvis that it causes lumbar pain more difficult to bear than ordinary pain.
Some women easily support contractions, others have pain, very bad and feel overwhelmed, at the very beginning of work, while objectively pain is at this stage bearable. Even under epidural, moms say they feel the bodily tension, unbearable tugging.
Emotional security, serene environment: factors that reduce pain
Hence the importance that the future mother prepares for birth and is accompanied on the day by a midwife who listens and reassures her. Emotional security is essential in this exceptional moment of childbirth. If the mother is feeling confident with the team that supports her, then the pain will be lessened.