Leukemia is typically known as blood cancer, and it is found in the blood cells. It is formed in bone marrow, the place where blood cells are developed. Leukemia is the condition when the bone marrow of a person begins to develop countless abnormal white blood cells, which are not like the normal ones. They grow so fast that soon they can crowd out the normal white blood cells and that can cause serious health issues; even death to the patients.
There can be two types of leukemia on the basis of their growth speed – acute and chronic. Acute leukemia grows at a fast speed while chronic leukemia is a slow-growing leukemia. Most often chronic leukemia affects the adults over 55 years old. However, blood cancer is the most common type of cancer in the children below 15 years of age.
Signs and Symptoms
- Night sweats
- Frequent nosebleeds
- Bleeding from gums as well as rectum
- Heavy menstrual bleeding
- Development of a new lump under the arm or in the neck
- Bone pain
- Frequent fevers
- Recent and unexplained weight loss and appetite loss
Causes & Risk Factors
The main cause of Leukemia is still not understood by the experts. But there are factors that can heighten the risk.
- Exposure to extreme level of radiation
- Presence of abnormal chromosomes
- Chemotherapy treatment which was given to the patient to treat some other type of cancer
Low-Cost Treatment and Management
Treatment depends on the type of leukemia a person has. For chronic leukemia, chemotherapy, corticosteroids, and monoclonal antibodies may be used to control the disease. While the treatment methods for acute leukemia include chemotherapy, targeted therapy, or stem cell therapy.