The attack of cancer cells in your lung is known as lung cancer and it is one of the most common types of cancer. You can do a lot of things to lessen your chance to be affected by the same. Usually, men are diagnosed more with lung cancer because of their excessive smoking habit than women.
There are two types of lung cancers found in the human body; SCLC or Small Cell Lung Cancer and NSCLC or Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer. SCLC grows and spreads much faster than NSCLC.
Signs and Symptoms
There are various symptoms that the doctors or the cancer specialists consider as the primary signs of having affected by the cancer cells.
- A cough with blood
- Coughing for long period
- Frequent chest pain
- Sudden and unexplained weight loss
- Shortness of breath
- Repeated respiratory infection
Causes & Risk Factors
Smoking is the main cause of lung cancer. Apart from this, there can be other factors that can trigger the risk of this disease. Even if you are a passive smoker or spend most of your time in a place that is full of smoke, then also your lung can get affected badly. Exposure to certain toxins can cause this disease as well. Often it spreads to the bones, liver, and brain.
When to see a doctor
When you have a cough for an extended period, and when it gets worse then you must visit a doctor.
Treatment and Management
Treatments can vary according to the stages of cancer, but in general, it includes surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, targeted drug therapy as well as immunotherapy.