Nausea, along with vomiting, is a common symptom of the beginning of pregnancy. More than half of pregnant women suffer from them.
They are called “morning” because it is usually during those hours of the day when they are worse. However, if you are pregnant, you may feel dizzy and vomit at any time of the day. The symptoms are due to excessive production of hCG hormone which is produced by the developing placenta and helps maintain pregnancy. But, there are other factors that can contribute, such as a low blood sugar level, an excess of gastric acid and fatigue.
About 70% – 80% of women suffer from morning sickness in the first trimester.
Signs and Symptoms
- There is an alternation between hunger and nausea throughout the day.
- Alterations in her nose and palate.
- Food appears tasteless
- Women who previously experienced nausea more efficiently, such as during some movements or after stimuli caused by strong odors and flavors, have a higher risk of severe nausea during pregnancy.
- Women who are anxious or very young pregnant also have a higher incidence of nausea.
- Pregnant women with a history of headaches present a higher risk.
When to go to the doctor?
Contrary to other types of nausea and vomiting, in the case of nausea typical of pregnancy, there are no other associated gastrointestinal or systemic symptoms, such as fever, diarrhea and severe cramping. The presence of these symptoms should be reported to the doctor.
- A physical examination is performed. The doctor palpates the abdomen to locate possible pressure pains or a tense abdomen.
- Blood test
- Urine test
Treatment and Management
The first trimester of pregnancy is the most important because it is when the fetus is forming. In this phase, it is imperative to avoid taking any medication or substance without the explicit authorization of your obstetrician.
In the majority of pregnant women, morning sickness does not need medication, only some alterations in the diet and some habits of life:
- Avoid a large amount of food.
- Nausea of pregnancy is usually intermittent throughout the day. Try to feed yourself whenever you feel well.
- Avoid eating and then lying down. Avoid eating near bedtime.
- Eat what you like. It is better to eat anything than nothing.
- Ask someone to prepare the food. Some pregnant women lose their hunger and begin to have nausea when they need to prepare their food.
- Try to be always well hydrated.
- Recognize the triggers of nausea and avoid them.
- Avoid fatigue.